Unions and employers
Unions and employers should negotiate pay rises through collective bargaining.
Employers and governments
Employers and Governments should help extend coverage of collective bargaining agreements to more workers.
Governments should help create a more favourable environment for collective bargaining;
Governments should support rise friendly policies such as tax shifts away from lower income earners; tackling precarious work and exploitative contracts and; closing the gender wage gap;
Governments should ensure minimum wages (where they exist) are not less than 60% of the average wage, and involve trade unions and employers in setting minimum wages.